Common Web Design Terms

  • ASP
    Microsoft Active Server Page (ASP) is a server-side scripting technology that can be used to create dynamic and interactive Web applications. An ASP page is an HTML page that contains server-side scripts that are processed by a web server before being sent to the user’s browser. You can combine ASP and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) to create powerful interactive websites.
  • Bandwidth
    How much information you can send through a connection. The Capacity of a connection. Usually measured in bits-per-second. A full page of English text is about 16,000 bits.
  • Binary
    Information consisting entirely of ones and zeros. Also, commonly used to refer to files thatare not simply text files, e.g. images.
  • Browser
    A Client program (software) that is used to look at various kinds of Internet resources, e.g. Internet Explorer
  • Client
    A software program that is used to contact and obtain data from a Server software program on another computer, often across a great distance. A Web Browser is a specific kind of Client, e.g. your Internet browser connecting to another web site, makes your compute, the client.
  • Cookie
    The most common meaning of "Cookie" on the Internet refers to a piece of information sent by a Web Server to a Web Browser that the Browser software is expected to save and to send back to the Server whenever the browser makes additional requests from the Server.
  • CSS
    (Cascading Style Sheet) A standard for specifying the appearance of text and other elements across the entire web site. CSS was developed for use with HTML in Web pages but is also used in other situations. CSS is typically used to provide a single "library" of styles that are used over and over throughout a large number of related documents, as in a web site.
  • Domain Name
    The unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots. The part on the left is the most specific, and the part on the right is the most general.
  • Download
    Transferring data (usually a file) from a another computer to the computer your are using. The opposite of upload.
  • Dynamic Site
    The term dynamic is defined as constant change. Dynamic, as it relates to web design and development, refers to the way in which content, images, or any other variable is placed into a website. Typically, a web based language is used,such as PHP, to retrieve information from a database. An example of a dynamic website would be an e-commerce website or a site with a content management system. Click here to read accompanying article.
  • FTP
    (File Transfer Protocol) A very common method of moving files between two Internet sites. FTP is a way to login to another Internet site for the purposes of retrieving and/or sending files. A web designer/developer will login to a server, and FTP files from his computer, to the server, making them viewable on the world wide web.
  • Host
    Any computer on a network that is a repository for services available to other computers on the network. A client will receive data from a host.
  • HTML
    The coding language commonly used to create Hypertext documents for use on the World Wide Web. The "hyper" in Hypertext comes from the fact that in HTML you can specify that a block of text, or an image, is linked to another file on the Internet. HTML files are meant to be viewed using a "Web Browser".
  • HTTP
    (HyperText Transfer Protocol) The protocol for moving hypertext files across the Internet. Requires a HTTP client program on one end, and an HTTP server program on the other end. HTTP is the most important protocol used in the World Wide Web (WWW).
  • IP Number
    (Internet Protocol Number) Every machine that is on the Internet has a unique IP number - if a machine does not have an IP number, it is not really on the Internet.
  • ISP
    (Internet Service Provider) An institution that provides access to the Internet in some form, usually for money.
  • Server
    A computer, or a software package, that provides a specific kind of service to client software running on other computers. The term can refer to a particular piece of software, such as a WWW server, or to the machine on which the software is running.
  • Static Site
    Static, unlike its dynamic counterpart, stays constant. The text, images, and other variables are placed into the HTML. This type of site does not require a database or dynamic web programming languages. Click here to read accompanying article.
  • Upload
    Transferring data (usually a file) from a the computer you are using to another computer. The opposite of download.
  • URL
    (Uniform Resource Locator) The term URL is basically synonymous with URI. URI has replaced URL in technical specifications.
  • WWW
    World Wide Web (or simply Web for short) is a term frequently used (incorrectly) when referring to "The Internet".